Although masonry is one of the oldest building materials, it has probably remained the least understood of our major construction materials, particularly with regard to structural behavior. Our expertise in masonry design and behavior allows Vannoy & Associates to provide investigative, diagnostic and design services for any type of masonry structure. Our investigative services for masonry include field examination, non-destructive testing, laboratory testing and analysis, and structural analysis. Remediation and design services include structural strengthening and rehabilitation and corrective designs for deficient, damaged, or deteriorated structures.